Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP)
What is ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)?
VAP is defined as pneumonia (a serious lung infection) that can occur in patients (specifically intensive care unit patients) who need assistance breathing with a mechanical ventilator (machine to assist breathing) for at least 48 hours.
What are the Risk Factors for VAP?
Risk factors include:
What is a case of VAP?
A VAP case is defined as:
What determines the rate?
The VAP rate is determined by the total number of newly diagnosed VAP cases in the ICU after at least 48 hours of mechanical ventilation, divided by the number of ventilator days in that month, multiplied by 1,000. Ventilator days are the number of days spent on a ventilator for all patients in the ICU 18 years and older.
What are we doing to reduce Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia and improve patient safety at Hamilton Health Sciences?
Improving staff and visitors Hand Hygiene practices. (Just Clean Your Hands Campaign)